Below is the syntax highlighted version of Gambler.java
from §1.3 Conditionals and Loops.

/****************************************************************************** * Compilation: javac Gambler.java * Execution: java Gambler stake goal N * * Simulates a gambler who start with $stake and place fair $1 bets * until she goes broke or reach $goal. Keeps track of the number of * times she wins and the number of bets she makes. Run the experiment N * times, averages the results, and prints them out. * * % java Gambler 50 250 1000 * 178 wins of 1000 * Percent of games won = 17.8 * Avg # bets = 10010.79 * * % java Gambler 50 150 1000 * 337 wins of 1000 * Percent of games won = 33.7 * Avg # bets = 4863.95 * * % java Gambler 50 100 1000 * 503 wins of 1000 * Percent of games won = 50.3 * Avg # bets = 2464.59 * ******************************************************************************/ public class Gambler { public static void main(String[] args) { int stake = Integer.parseInt(args[0]); // gambler's stating bankroll int goal = Integer.parseInt(args[1]); // gambler's desired bankroll int trials = Integer.parseInt(args[2]); // number of trials to perform int bets = 0; // total number of bets made int wins = 0; // total number of games won // repeat trials times for (int t = 0; t < trials; t++) { // do one gambler's ruin simulation int cash = stake; while (cash > 0 && cash < goal) { bets++; if (Math.random() < 0.5) cash++; // win $1 else cash--; // lose $1 } if (cash == goal) wins++; // did gambler go achieve desired goal? } // print results System.out.println(wins + " wins of " + trials); System.out.println("Percent of games won = " + 100.0 * wins / trials); System.out.println("Avg # bets = " + 1.0 * bets / trials); } }

Last updated: Tue Aug 30 09:58:33 EDT 2016.