MonteHall.java


Below is the syntax highlighted version of MonteHall.java from §1.3 Conditionals and Loops.


/******************************************************************************
 *  Compilation:  javac MonteHall.java
 *  Execution:    java MonteHall trials
 *  
 *  Plays the Monte Hall game the specified number of times with the
 *  switching strategy and reports the fraction of games won.
 *
 *  Sample execution:
 *
 * % java MonteHall 10000000
 * Fraction of games won = 0.666586
 *
 *
 *  Note:  true winning probability = 2/3.
 *
 ******************************************************************************/

public class MonteHall {

    public static void main(String[] args) { 
        int trials = Integer.parseInt(args[0]);  // # trials
        int wins = 0;                            // # times you win by switching

        // repeat experiment trials times 
        for (int i = 0; i < trials; i++) {

            // host hides prize behind 1 of 3 doors uniformly at random
            int prize  = (int) (3 * Math.random());

            // contestant selects 1 of 3 doors uniformly at random
            int choice = (int) (3 * Math.random());

            // at random, host reveals an unchosen door not containing prize
            int reveal;
            do {
                reveal = (int) (3 * Math.random());
            } while ((reveal == choice) || (reveal == prize));

            // hack to compute the remaining door which contestent switches to
            int other = 0 + 1 + 2 - reveal - choice;

            // switching leads to a win
            if (other == prize) wins++;
        } 

        // avoid integer division
        System.out.println("Fraction of games won = " + 1.0 * wins / trials);
    }

}


Copyright © 2000–2011, Robert Sedgewick and Kevin Wayne.
Last updated: Tue Aug 30 09:58:33 EDT 2016.