LongestCommonSubsequence.java


Below is the syntax highlighted version of LongestCommonSubsequence.java from §2.3 Recursion.


/******************************************************************************
 *  Compilation:  javac LongestCommonSubsequence.java
 *  Execution:    java LongestCommonSubsequence s t
 *  
 ******************************************************************************/

public class LongestCommonSubsequence {

    // Compute length of LCS for all subproblems.
    public static String lcs(String x, String y) {
        int m = x.length(), n = y.length();
        int[][] opt = new int[m+1][n+1];
        for (int i = m-1; i >= 0; i--) {
            for (int j = n-1; j >= 0; j--) {
                if (x.charAt(i) == y.charAt(j)) {
                    opt[i][j] = opt[i+1][j+1] + 1;
                }
                else {
                    opt[i][j] = Math.max(opt[i+1][j], opt[i][j+1]);
                }
            }
        }

        // Recover LCS itself.
        String lcs = "";
        int i = 0, j = 0;
        while (i < m && j < n) {
            if (x.charAt(i) == y.charAt(j)) {
                lcs += x.charAt(i);
                i++;
                j++;
            }
            else if (opt[i+1][j] >= opt[i][j+1]) i++;
            else                                 j++;
        }
        return lcs;
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String lcs = lcs(args[0], args[1]);
        StdOut.println(lcs);
    }
}


Copyright © 2000–2011, Robert Sedgewick and Kevin Wayne.
Last updated: Tue Aug 30 09:58:33 EDT 2016.