RecursiveSquares.java


Below is the syntax highlighted version of RecursiveSquares.java from §2.3 Recursion.


/******************************************************************************
 *  Compilation:  javac RecursiveSquares.java
 *  Execution:    java RecursiveSquares n
 *  Dependencies: StdDraw.java
 *
 *  Plot an order n tree of overlapping gray squares.
 *
 *  % java RecursiveSquares 4
 *
 ******************************************************************************/

public class RecursiveSquares {

    // plot a square, centered on (x, y) of the given side length
    // with a light gray background and black border
    public static void drawSquare(double x, double y, double size) {
        StdDraw.setPenColor(StdDraw.LIGHT_GRAY);
        StdDraw.filledSquare(x, y, size/2);
        StdDraw.setPenColor(StdDraw.BLACK);
        StdDraw.square(x, y, size/2);
    }

    // plot an order n recursive squares pattern
    // centered on (x, y) of the given side length
    public static void draw(int n, double x, double y, double size) {
        if (n == 0) return;

        drawSquare(x, y, size);

        // 2.2 ratio looks good
        double ratio = 2.2;

        // recursively draw 4 smaller trees of order n-1
        draw(n-1, x - size/2, y - size/2, size/ratio);    // lower left  
        draw(n-1, x - size/2, y + size/2, size/ratio);    // upper left  
        draw(n-1, x + size/2, y - size/2, size/ratio);    // lower right 
        draw(n-1, x + size/2, y + size/2, size/ratio);    // upper right
    }


    // read in an integer command-line argument n and plot an order n recursive
    // squares pattern
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        int n = Integer.parseInt(args[0]);
        double x = 0.5, y = 0.5;   // center of square
        double size = 0.5;         // side length of square
        draw(n, x, y, size);
    }

}






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Last updated: Tue Aug 30 09:58:33 EDT 2016.