Ball.java


Below is the syntax highlighted version of Ball.java from §3.4 Case Study: N-Body Simulation.


/******************************************************************************
 *  Compilation:  javac Ball.java
 *  Execution:    java Ball
 *  Dependencies: StdDraw.java
 *
 *  Implementation of a 2-d Ball moving in square with coordinates
 *  between -1 and 1. Bounces off the walls upon collision.
 *
 *
 ******************************************************************************/

public class Ball {

    // instance variables
    private double rx, ry;        // position
    private double vx, vy;        // velocity
    private final double radius;  // radius

    // constructor
    public Ball() {
        rx = 0.0;
        ry = 0.0;
        vx = StdRandom.uniform(-0.015, 0.015);
        vy = StdRandom.uniform(-0.015, 0.015);
        radius = StdRandom.uniform(0.025, 0.075);
    }

    // bounce of vertical wall by reflecting x-velocity
    private void bounceOffVerticalWall() {
        vx = -vx;
    }

    // bounce of horizontal wall by reflecting y-velocity
    private void bounceOffHorizontalWall() {
        vy = -vy;
    }

    // move the ball one step
    public void move() {
        if (Math.abs(rx + vx) + radius > 1.0) bounceOffVerticalWall();
        if (Math.abs(ry + vy) + radius > 1.0) bounceOffHorizontalWall();
        rx = rx + vx;
        ry = ry + vy;
    }

    // draw the ball
    public void draw() {
        StdDraw.filledCircle(rx, ry, radius);
    }



    // test client
    public static void main(String[] args) {

        // create and initialize two balls
        Ball b1 = new Ball();
        Ball b2 = new Ball();

        // animate them
        StdDraw.setXscale(-1.0, +1.0);
        StdDraw.setYscale(-1.0, +1.0);
        StdDraw.enableDoubleBuffering();

        while (true) {
            StdDraw.clear(StdDraw.GRAY);
            StdDraw.setPenColor(StdDraw.BLACK);
            b1.move();
            b2.move();
            b1.draw();
            b2.draw();
            StdDraw.show();
            StdDraw.pause(20);
        }
    }
}


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Last updated: Fri Oct 20 14:12:12 EDT 2017.